Classical Fencing: Three Counterattacks

The counterattack is one of four essential kinds of fencing activities (alongside offense, protection, and activities not expected to hit). It’s motivation is to keep the fruitful execution of the rival’s assault while making an open door for you to score on that activity. Today, the scope of counterattacks is constrained, falling into stop hits (activities without restriction) and time hits (activities which utilized resistance to close the line). Be that as it may, in the period 1880-1939 there was impressive change in the character of counterattacks and what these activities were called. In this article we will look at just activities without resistance.

Sir Richard Burton, in his The Sentiment of the Sword: A Country House Dialog (1911), talks about two activities without resistance, the overthrow d’arret (stop hit) and the upset sur la temps (hit on time). The later he expels as pointless on the grounds that it brings about twofold hits. George Patton, in his Diary of the Instructor in Swordsmanship (1915), distinguishes three activities, the Stop Thrust, Counter Thrust, and Time Thrust.

When we look at the substance of Burton’s and Patton’s portrayals of activities, we can distinguish three variations of counterattacks without resistance:

1. The Stop Hit or Thrust (overthrow d’arret). The Stop Thrust, as depicted by both Burton and Patton, is a counterattack conveyed on an adversary’s assault, when, in a long compound assault, an energetic surge, or a blame in execution, he uncovered target.

2. The Counter Thrust (conceivably the same as Burton’s Hit on Time). The Counter Thrust, as portrayed by Patton, is an immediate activity conveyed at the simple minute when the adversary begins an assault to misuse a slight deferral amongst origination and inception. It relies upon detecting the snapshot of inception. In the event that we parse the distinction between “on time” or “in rhythm,” stop hits are conveyed in beat, inside the rhythm of the rival’s assault. The possibility of “on time” appears to suggest toward the beginning of a similar rhythm. This activity would appear to meet Burton’s feedback of bringing about twofold hits.

3. The Time Thrust. The Time Thrust, as depicted by Patton, is a counterattack conveyed without resistance when the rival changes the line, makes a moderate bluff, begins to respond to a welcome, and so forth., uncovering himself. It is adequately an assault on the underlying preliminary cutting edge work of a different part activity. Note this is an altogether different activity than the cutting edge Time Hit (the stop hit with restriction) or even the utilization of the term by contemporary creators.

This arrangement of three kinds of counterattacks gives a continuum of activities that might be utilized for the duration of the existence cycle of a rival’s assault. The Counter Thrust (or Hit on Time if this investigation is right) assaults the commencement of the assault. The Time Thrust intrudes on the rhythm of the assault by hitting preliminary cutting edge work before the last activity. Furthermore, the Stop Thrust manages presentation of the assault in its full advancement.

The undeniable inquiry is whether this level of subdivision is vital or helpful. All things considered, does it truly make a difference if your origination of a counterattack is that you see him coming and stand out your arm in response? Presumably not. However, in the event that we address the strategic open doors exhibit in an adversary’s assault and measure the dangers against the period of that activity, the idea of three diverse phasings of the counterattack without restriction has justify.